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Scientific Research on Heat Exposure

Cardiovascular Health

Laukkanen, Jari; Laukkanen, Tanjaniina; Kunutsor, Setor K. (2018). Cardiovascular And Other Health Benefits Of Sauna Bathing: A Review Of The Evidence Mayo Clinic Proceedings 93, 8.

a b c d e f g Laukkanen, Jari; Khan, Hassan; Laukkanen, Tanjaniina; Zaccardi, Francesco (2015). Association Between Sauna Bathing And Fatal Cardiovascular And All-Cause Mortality Events JAMA Internal Medicine 175, 4.

Inflammation

Hage, Fadi G (2013). C-reactive Protein And Hypertension Journal Of Human Hypertension 28, 7.

Laukkanen, Jari; Laukkanen, Tanjaniina (2017). Sauna Bathing And Systemic Inflammation European Journal Of Epidemiology 33, 3.

Żychowska M; Nowak-Zaleska A; Chruściński G; Zaleski R; Mieszkowski J; Niespodziński B, et al. (2018). Association of High Cardiovascular Fitness and the Rate of Adaptation to Heat Stress. Biomed Res Int 2018.

Mental Health & Cognitive

Ishida, Yuko; Tajima, Fumihiro; Kojima, Daisuke; Nakamura, Takeshi; Banno, Motohiko; Umemoto, Yasunori, et al. (2017). Head-out Immersion In Hot Water Increases Serum BDNF In Healthy Males International Journal Of Hyperthermia 34, 6.

Masuda, Akinori; Nakazato, Masamitsu; Kihara, Takashi; Minagoe, Shinichi; Tei, Chuwa (2005). Repeated Thermal Therapy Diminishes Appetite Loss And Subjective Complaints In Mildly Depressed Patients Psychosomatic Medicine 67, 4.

Rentscher, Kelly; Janssen, Clemens W.; Lowry, Christopher A.; Mehl, Matthias R.; Allen, John J. B.; Kelly, Kimberly L., et al. (2016). Whole-Body Hyperthermia For The Treatment Of Major Depressive Disorder JAMA Psychiatry 73, 8.

Basso JC; Suzuki WA (2017). The Effects of Acute Exercise on Mood, Cognition, Neurophysiology, and Neurochemical Pathways: A Review. Brain Plast 2, 2.

Jezová D; Vigas M; Tatár P; Jurcovicová J; Palát M (1985). Rise in plasma beta-endorphin and ACTH in response to hyperthermia in sauna. Horm Metab Res 17, 12.

Vescovi, P. P.; Casti, A.; Michelini, M.; Maninetti, L.; Pedrazzoni, M.; Passeri, M. (1992). Plasma ACTH, Beta-Endorphin, Prolactin, Growth Hormone And Luteinizing Hormone Levels After Thermal Stress, Heat And Cold Stress Medicine 8, 3.

a b c Kukkonen-Harjula K; Oja P; Laustiola K; Vuori I; Jolkkonen J; Siitonen S, et al. (1989). Haemodynamic and hormonal responses to heat exposure in a Finnish sauna bath. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 58, 5.

Benefits and risks of sauna bathing. Minna L Hannuksela, MD. Samer Ellahham, MD

T.Latikainen, K. Salminen, A. Kohvakka & J. Pettersson. Response of plasma endorphins, prolactin and catecholamines in women to intense heat in a sauna

Performance & Physical Fitness

a b Scoon, Guy S.M.; Hopkins, William G.; Mayhew, Simon; Cotter, James D. (2007). Effect Of Post-Exercise Sauna Bathing On The Endurance Performance Of Competitive Male Runners Journal Of Science And Medicine In Sport 10, 4.

Mee, Jessica A.; Peters, Sophie; Doust, Jonathan H.; Maxwell, Neil S. (2018). Sauna Exposure Immediately Prior To Short-Term Heat Acclimation Accelerates Phenotypic Adaptation In Females Journal Of Science And Medicine In Sport 21, 2.

Kirby NV; Lucas SJE; Armstrong OJ; Weaver SR; Lucas RAI (2021). Intermittent post-exercise sauna bathing improves markers of exercise capacity in hot and temperate conditions in trained middle-distance runners. Eur J Appl Physiol 121, 2.

a b c d Moore, Jonathan; Costa, Ricardo J. S.; Crockford, Michael J.; Walsh, Neil P. (2012). Heat Acclimation Responses Of An Ultra-Endurance Running Group Preparing For Hot Desert-Based Competition European Journal Of Sport Science 14, sup1.

Garrett, Andrew T.; Creasy, Rob; Rehrer, Nancy J.; Patterson, Mark J.; Cotter, James D. (2011). Effectiveness Of Short-Term Heat Acclimation For Highly Trained Athletes Graefe's Archive For Clinical And Experimental Ophthalmology 112, 5.

a b King, D. S.; Costill, D. L.; Fink, W. J.; Hargreaves, M.; Fielding, R. A. (1985). Muscle Metabolism During Exercise In The Heat In Unacclimatized And Acclimatized Humans Journal Of Applied Physiology 59, 5.

Kirwan, J. P.; Costill, D. L.; Kuipers, H.; Burrell, M. J.; Fink, W. J.; Kovaleski, J. E., et al. (1987). Substrate Utilization In Leg Muscle Of Men After Heat Acclimation Journal Of Applied Physiology 63, 1.

a b c d e Selsby, Joshua; Rother, S.; Tsuda, S.; Pracash, O.; Quindry, J.; Dodd, S. L. (2007). Intermittent Hyperthermia Enhances Skeletal Muscle Regrowth And Attenuates Oxidative Damage Following Reloading Journal Of Applied Physiology 102, 4.

a b c d e Naito, Hisashi; Powers, Scott K.; Demirel, Haydar A.; Sugiura, Takao; Dodd, Stephen L.; Aoki, Junichiro (2000). Heat Stress Attenuates Skeletal Muscle Atrophy In Hindlimb-Unweighted Rats Journal Of Applied Physiology 88, 1.

Hannuksela ML; Ellahham S (2001). Benefits and risks of sauna bathing. Am J Med 110, 2.

Hancock, Chad; Hafen, Paul S.; Abbott, Kaitlin; Bowden, Jennifer; Lopiano, Ryan; Hyldahl, Robert D. (2019). Daily Heat Treatment Maintains Mitochondrial Function And Attenuates Atrophy In Human Skeletal Muscle Subjected To Immobilization Journal Of Applied Physiology 127, 1.

Dodd, Stephen L.; Selsby, Joshua (2005). Heat Treatment Reduces Oxidative Stress And Protects Muscle Mass During Immobilization American Journal Of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative And Comparative Physiology 289, 1.

Obi S; Nakajima T; Hasegawa T; Nakamura F; Sakuma M; Toyoda S, et al. (2019). Heat induces myogenic transcription factors of myoblast cells via transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (Trpv1). FEBS Open Bio 9, 1.

Moseley, Pope L. (1997). Heat Shock Proteins And Heat Adaptation Of The Whole Organism Journal Of Applied Physiology 83, 5.

Kuennen M; Gillum T; Dokladny K; Bedrick E; Schneider S; Moseley P (2011). Thermotolerance and heat acclimation may share a common mechanism in humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 301, 2.

Hormonal And Metabolic Function

Benefits and risks of sauna bathing. Minna L Hannuksela, MD. Samer Ellahham, MD

LT. L aatikainen, K. Salminen, A. Kohvakka & J. Pettersson. Response of plasma endorphins, prolactin and catecholamines in women to intense heat in a sauna

Leppäluoto, J.; Huttunen, P.; Hirvonen, J.; Väänänen, A.; Tuominen, M.; Vuori, J. (1986). Endocrine Effects Of Repeated Sauna Bathing Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 128, 3. 

Foued Ftaiti, Monem Jemni, Asma Kacem, Monia Ajina Zaouali, Zouhair Tabka, Abdelkarim Zbidi, and Laurent Grélot. Effect of hyperthermia and physical activity on circulating growth hormone

Masakazu Imamura MD, Sadatoshi Biro MD, Takashi Kihara MD, Shiro Yoshifuku MD, Kunitsugu Takasaki MD, Yutaka Otsuji MD, FACC, Shinichi Minagoe MD ∗, Yoshifumi Toyama MD, Chuwa Tei MD, FACC. Repeated thermal therapy improves impaired vascular endothelial function in patients with coronary risk factors.

Satoko Adachi,Emiko Manabe,Katsura Mizushima,Takeshi Hattori,Toshimitsu Okuda,Nami Nakabe,Osamu Handa,Tomohisa Takagi,Yuji Naito,Norimasa Yoshida &Toshikazu Yoshikawa show less. Whole body hyperthermia improves obesity-induced insulin resistance in diabetic mice

Detoxification

a b Rodushkin, Ilia; Genuis, Stephen J.; Birkholz, Detlef; Beesoon, Sanjay (2010). Blood, Urine, And Sweat (BUS) Study: Monitoring And Elimination Of Bioaccumulated Toxic Elements Archives Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology 61, 2.

Lang, Iain (2008). Association Of Urinary Bisphenol A Concentration With Medical Disorders And Laboratory Abnormalities In Adults Jama 300, 11.

Genuis SJ; Beesoon S; Birkholz D (2013). Biomonitoring and Elimination of Perfluorinated Compounds and Polychlorinated Biphenyls through Perspiration: Blood, Urine, and Sweat Study. ISRN Toxicol 2013, .

Genuis SJ; Beesoon S; Lobo RA; Birkholz D (2012). Human elimination of phthalate compounds: blood, urine, and sweat (BUS) study. ScientificWorldJournal 2012, .